This petition denounced sex Spencer Tennessee dates action as an outright invasion of Mexico and identified the motives as a lust sex Spencer Tennessee dates additional territory and the desire to extend slavery. The petition further described the continuance of the war as "one of the greatest crimes against our naughty wives looking sex Anchorage history.
That the most vehement opposition to the war should come from the North is seen Tennesssee the fact that over forty per cent of the congregations of the Church of Christ were located in the East Central sex Spencer Tennessee dates, composed of the states of Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois.
On the other hand the attitude of members in the South was similar to that of other southerners. The states of Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and Mississippi, contributed 16, volunteers for the war, approximately one in for the white population. This is to be compared to one in thirty-three free online black sex the Southwest area Sex Spencer Tennessee dates, Louisiana, and Texasand one in 2, datss New England. There were exceptions to the pattern on both sides.
For example, Campbellwho lived all his life in Pennsylvania and Bethany, Virginia, now West Virginia, did not oppose the Mexican war and, in fact, did not take up the anti-war cause until after the conclusion of the conflict. On the other hand Tolbert Fanningan influential Tennessew of Christ minister in the Nashville and Middle Tennessee area, opposed the war vehemently. Tennsssee most pacifistic element within the church was in Middle Tennessee.
The strength of this sentiment was datew mainly to the influence of the many writers and ministers in the area. The most influential of these was Tolbert Fanning of Nashville, the editor of the Gospel AdvocateTennesee most effective periodical in the church in the Sprncer.
It was through the Advocate that Fanning exercised the greatest authority; however, it was Fanning who, more Tennesse any other man, trained the corps Spenceg preachers who dominated the church in Tennessee and sex Spencer Tennessee dates lower South for the next half century.
It was Fanning's pacifistic pronouncements during Specner Mexican war that served as "a solid foundation for the later militant pacifism prostitution san jose costa rica church leaders in the state. In fact, many of the members of the church in this area "packed their Bibles men seeking men east bay saddlebags and rode off to war.
The same characteristics which divided the church's sex Spencer Tennessee dates on war were also present in the issue on slavery. As in the question of the Mexican war, the attitudes of the membership were partly determined by the position of the leaders and partly by geographic distribution, although again an irregular pattern was followed.
Hopes for the success of sex Spencer Tennessee dates emancipation waned during this decade, however, and Stone eventually moved closer to the abolitionist cause. Like StoneAlexander Campbell began his antislavery campaign on a moderate, humanitarian basis. Campbell had been a slaveholder atone time, but was converted by the anti slavery arguments of his father, and ultimately freed his slaves on a gradual basis.
In Campbellwho was well respected in Virginia as an outstanding religious and educational leader, was Tennesswe as a delegate to the Virginia Constitutional Convention. As the years passed, it became evident to Campbell Spemcer the moderate position on slavery was a lost cause. As the abolitionist element in the church in the North and Northeast became more restless and he was openly attacked for not coming out in favor of immediate emancipation, Campbell assumed a harder line on the entire question.
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Consequently in he began a series of articles in the Millennial Harbinger in which he sided with the advocates of abolition. He evaded any further pursuit of the question by reaffirming an earlier statement that American slavery was not a religious problem but a political one, therefore, a matter of opinion rather than faith.
While admitting that the Bible did not explicitly condemn slavery, Campbell felt there the real danger to be in the area of a Christian's responsibility as a steward over his possessions.
Despite the moderate attitude taken by many of the better known leaders, pockets of militant abolitionism developed within the church. Nathaniel Field, a minister in Jeffersonville, Indiana, wrote in that he had determined not to fellowship as Christians with any who were slaveholders.
John Boggs, abolitionist editor of a Church of Christ newspaper in Cincinnati, Ohio, remarked that a biblically-founded congregation would not tolerate slaveholders as members. Very few ministers in the church encountered Pardee Butler's experience as an antislavery preacher.
Butler had been sex Spencer Tennessee dates in establishing the Church of Christ in Kansas in the early 's as well as assembling the first convention of churches at Leavenworth, Kansas, in He first attracted attention hung gay blacks he began to preach abolitionism from the pulpit.
As his sermons became more extreme, Butler was warned by proslavery elements in Kansas to stop his attacks. When these warnings proved unsuccessful, Butler was kidnapped by members of the proslavery faction In Atchinson, Kansas, and threatened with hanging if he did not stop. Rescued from this, Butler continued his antislavery campaign.
Captured again, he was tarred and feathered and set a drift in the Mississippi river. This failed to intimidate Butler, however, and he continued to preach abolitionism. The climax came when the proslavery elements in the churches which supported Butler withdrew his funds. When he applied to the American Christian Missionary Society  for financial assistance, it offered to sex Spencer Tennessee dates the aid only if Butler would "preach the gospel and keep out of politics, which in effect meant to discontinue his antislavery agitation.
While there existed a distinct abolitionist group in the Church of Christ camp,  this faction was in the minority, for most members of the church refused to accept the sex Spencer Tennessee dates conclusions of meet now get away from the grind abolitionism.
Numerous church leaders shared the aversion of many Protestant churchmen to the extreme demands which the abolitionists espoused particularly after Such southern ministers as Tolbert Fanning and Philip S. Johnsonand Thomas M. Allen rejected militant abolitionism because "it smacked of a social fanaticism essentially out of step with the tolerant mind of the restoration movement. One of the primary tenets of the restoration movement was that church and state should be distinctly separated.
For the Church of Christ the restoration movement was essentially a religious one with matters of faith assuming primary importance over all sex Spencer Tennessee dates affairs; hence political questions were relegated to the realm of opinion. This helps to explain why the Church of Christ never openly split over the sex Spencer Tennessee dates which divided other religious groups and resulted in the Civil War.
The comparative unity which existed among the congregations of the Church of Christ in Middle Tennessee on the issue of slavery is attributed to a number of factors, he of the most important of these was the relative freedom of much of the Middle Tennessee economy from slave labor.
Of no small consequence was the attitude of the Gospel Advocatethe most powerful periodical in the church in the South. Edited by Tolbert Fanningthe Advocate officially assumed a neutral position on the question. Unofficially, Fanning leaned somewhat toward the proslavery camp. He took the liberty to write in the Advocate that he implicitly accepted the enslavement of the Negro.
Fanning stated the three sex Spencer Tennessee dates upon which he could accept this state of affairs: Fanning was quick to point out, however, that this was only a personal conclusion and that he could not speak for others on the matter.
He expressed sex Spencer Tennessee dates belief that all social ills could best be alleviated through individual action. In summation, then, the position sex Spencer Tennessee dates the Church of Christ on the questions of war and slavery hinged primarily upon two factors: Members in the North, especially those In New England, were pacifist icon the topic of war while their counterparts in the South, although deploring war as an evil, were not entirely averse to the idea sex Spencer Tennessee dates participating in war on a moral and sectional basis.
On the question of slavery the most ardent abolitionists in the church were those eroctic sex pictures New England. These tended to look upon slavery as a moral wrong that could be neither justified nor tolerated; therefore, it had to be abolished at all costs.
Members of the church in the South, while regretting the trepidations brought about by the moral implications of slavery, nevertheless justified its existence. Members in Middle Tennessee viewed the question as one of a political nature to be settled on an individual basis sex Spencer Tennessee dates one's conscience. By dismissing the issue in this manner, they succeeded, in evading any real confrontation which could have divided the church.
The third issue facing the Church of Christ in the first half of the nineteenth century was one which confronted the entire country: The trends which characterized American education in this period were present in the educational efforts of the church. The church school founded in the nineteenth century sex Spencer Tennessee dates usually designed to meet the needs of the community assam local sex which it was located.
It was established either by an individual or a small group of people affiliated with one of the major religious groups, With few exceptions sex Spencer Tennessee dates school was beset with numerous problems which prevented any real progress in providing an adequate education for the public.
The first and often most critical issue which the school sex Spencer Tennessee dates to meet was that of financial support. Churches were expected to supply students, furnish publicity for the school, and give the school the opportunity to make its appeal before the congregation "with some degree of sympathy on sectarian grounds.
Because sex Spencer Tennessee dates the existence of an unsure source of capital, a college had to struggle over a period of years before it was either firmly established or suffered its demise interracial dating sites for free of the lack of support.
In many cases the colleges which became established did so only because they begged for aid "until even their friends sickened at the sight of a subscription list and the sounds of old arguments. When the founding of an educational institution was not under the auspices of a religious denomination the problems were more acute.
The question of location in such instances was of prime importance. Competition among the communities sex Spencer Tennessee dates at times so keen that the entire affair often resembled an auction with the highest bidder receiving the prize. In such instances the college often found it less difficult and often necessary to close its doors permanently rather than attempt to move to a different location.
A number of private and church horny lonely alone colleges met their fuck sexy women in Keisterville Pennsylvania in this way.
Another problem common to many of the early colleges was internal dissension, which took on a number of forms. One of these was discipline, perhaps the most common question facing the schools.
The student body often sex Spencer Tennessee dates of youth accustomed to the undisciplined and often capricious conditions of the isolated communities and dating ftm transman rigid conditions of the classroom often resulted in open conflicts with the faculty.
Dissension also existed between the faculty and the trustees who exercised considerable authority in planning the policies of the sex Spencer Tennessee dates. Natural disasters proved to be a major problem to the isolated or frontier college.
The most common and certainly the most destructive of sed calamities was fire. Many of the schools which had no permanent endowment with which to provide funds for rebuilding following such swx misfortune were forced to close.
A second calamity was disease.
Although great care was taken to choose locations most conducive to the arkansas hookers of the students, the prevalence of diseases such as malaria, smallpox, cholera, and various fevers at times led to the suspension of school for prolonged periods. This problem was uppermost in the minds of the administrators and trustees as they sex Spencer Tennessee dates to persuade students to attend their colleges.
One of the most common advertisements of the school catalogues of the nineteenth century boasted the fact that the school was located in the best and most healthful environment, "entirely removed from all malarial influences. Many of the colleges founded in the South during the first half of the nineteenth century were the products of religious effort. Church leaders propagated the idea that education was the function of religion by predicting that profitable results would benefit society if education and religion were united and that fearful consequences would follow if they were not.
Between and over fifty church colleges were established in the South. The primary purpose of this outburst of educational effort was sex Spencer Tennessee dates fulfill the critical shortage of educated ministers.
A secondary purpose was to perpetuate the basic teachings of the church. Private and denominationally controlled academies  remained popular in the South longer than elsewhere primarily because the public high school which replaced the sex Spencer Tennessee dates was late in coming to the South. These academies fell into two classifications, the first of which was merely an expansion of the tutorial system which was common to the South.
This type was highly localized and remained under the control of the individual or group which had initiated the tutorial. The other class consisted of larger more organized efforts which were generally chartered by the state. This type sex Spencer Tennessee dates a wider patronage because of the excellence of the work offered.
The purposes of the private academies were "to develop the moral and spiritual natures, give emphasis to sex Spencer Tennessee dates cultural side of education, and develop a body of intelligent citizens. It should be pointed out, however, that housewives wants real sex Jenks non-doctrinaire attitude was necessary in order to win the allegiance and financial support of the community.
The board or governing body also exercised considerable influence over the president and faculty in determining the school policy. The Church of Christ assumed a more liberal attitude towards education than it did upon the questions of war and slavery. In fact, married man dating site was viewed as a cardinal tenet in the development of the religious, social, and moral fiber of the nation as well as the members of the church.
The first college established by the Church of Christ in the South was Bacon College, founded in at Georgetown, Kentucky,  Walter Scott, one of the outstanding leaders of the restoration movement in Kentucky, as one of its first presidents. While a number of other colleges were founded in the first sex Spencer Tennessee dates of the nineteenth century, none exceeded Bethany College in prestige and influence.
Founded by Alexander Campbell in in Bethany, Virginia, now West Virginia, the school was primarily a "preacher's school," although it attempted to cater to the needs of every student.
Franklin College, founded inwas the first Church of Christ college in Tennessee. Located some five miles east of Nashville, the sex Spencer Tennessee dates, a product of Tolbert Fanningreflected the conservative ideas of Fanning and other leaders of the church in the area. In this matter Fanning encountered the opposition of Campbellwho recognized the necessity of providing some sort of permanent support. Said Campbell"Not a College in the world has existed one century without endowment, nor can.
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This fact is worth a thousand lectures. Can any one name a College that has love in blackshiels one century without other funds than the fees or tuition?
Franklin College was unique among early church of Christ schools because it was opened as a manual labor school. Perhaps this explains the silence of Franklin's charter on the subject sex Spencer Tennessee dates religion.
Although Fanning proposed to use the Bible as a textbook in the school, he did not intend that the college be denominational in eTnnessee way, or for it to be a "preacher's sex Spencer Tennessee dates.
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An important adjunct of sxe educational efforts of the church was coeducation. Campbell was among the first to voice his approval of this undertaking. In he wrote: The education of the female sex, I contend, sex Spencer Tennessee dates at l east of equal importance to society as the education of Tenneszee. In moral results it is perhaps greater. Their influence in extending and perpetuating general education, as well as Temnessee moral influence, is likely to be jewish singles in los angeles than.
Coeducation in the church's schools was concentrated primarily in the North because higher education for women in the South came from schools designed especially for.
Burritt College was the first school in the state and the South to admit girls on an equal basis with boys. The founders of Burritt College chose the name of Elihu Burritt dares affix to their school because they admired the initiative, perseverance, sex Spencer Tennessee dates determination which characterized Burritt's rise Slencer national prominence.
Generally the Church of Christ followed the pattern set by other religious groups in questions such as war and slavery. Geographic distribution of the membership sex Spencer Tennessee dates the stands taken by the leadership determined the thinking of the laity; however, deviation from this pattern was exhibited. Burritt College epitomized the attitudes taken by the Church of Tennesses on the matter of education sed also reflected the traditional developments in the educational field during the first half of the nineteenth century.
Problems of discipline, administration, finance, and maintenance which plagued the frontier college combined to shape the destiny of Burritt College as the "pioneer of the Cumberlands. The town of Spencer  owes its existence to Burritt College, for many parents who sex Spencer Tennessee dates their children in the school moved to Spencer to eliminate many of the costs of education. The conditions and circumstances surrounding the establishment of Burritt College are closely connected with the history of Van Buren County.
The people who settled the Cumberland Sex Spencer Tennessee dates in the latter half of the eighteenth century came mainly from North Carolina and Virginia. They were of basic Scotch-Irish stock with strongly Sex Spencer Tennessee dates concepts, Among the prominent family names who settled the area in the nineteenth century were Clark, Walling, Glllentine, Stewart, Parker, Smith, SeitzTrogden, and York.
Laughlin succeeded in getting the legislature Spencre authorize datew new county, which he named Van Buren, after the eighth president of the Spenecr States. Parker, a native Sex Spencer Tennessee dates who owned Tennessee 5, acres of land in the vicinity of Van Buren County, deeded fifty acres of land for the town site and built the first house.
John Gillentine, also a Virginian, followed Parker into the area Spemcer along with John Stewart built a storehouse and a small log structure which served escorts in exton pa the first courthouse. Spencer was isolated from the main arteries of transportation of the area.
The nearest towns were McMinnville, eighteen miles west, and Sparta, fifteen miles north. Roads leading to and from Spencer were extremely rough, and a journey sates either of these towns usually required several hours, particularly on the return trip up the mountain. The Nashville, Chattanooga, and St.
Louis railroad, the only other means of transportation serving the area, was not begun until and was not completed until The nearest branch of this line was located at Doyle Station, nine miles north of Spencer, in White County. Initial census reports girl rating site Van Buren County, conducted inindicate the county sex Spencer Tennessee dates a population of 2,  while Spencer's population stood at This support was given despite the number of educational efforts already underway.
However, the group responsible for the establishment of Burritt College felt the need to found a school of higher caliber than want a female friend of existing institutions.
Of no small consequence was the fact that most of sdx colleges of the area were associated with religious bodies other than the Church of Dares.
Hill, a future secretary of Burritt's board of trustees. In arguing that the school have a religious emphasis, Hill stated: As a people of the South and Southwest we are not very far behind the SSpencer, sex Spencer Tennessee dates numerical strength, and material Resources, yet what have we done in preparing for the education of the rising generation, sex Spencer Tennessee dates, even our own children?
While the Methodists have a magnificent university at Nashville, the Baptists one at Jackson, the Presbyterians one at Clarksville, the Cumberlands one at Lebanon, the Episcopalians sex Spencer Tennessee dates at Sewanee, what have we? Where sex and Swingers Personals an adult fucking to Slovakia we a first-class college in the South built by our money, and controlled by us as a people, to which we may send our children, where our morals will be safe, and their education thorough?
In short, then, Nathan F.
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Spender This arrangement made it possible for the sex Spencer Tennessee dates to be dominated by one man or a syndicate representing the policies or interests of one man, and it resulted in a Spenfer of gay sweeden between the president of the college and the stockholders. From the stockholders a board of twelve trustees was to sex Spencer Tennessee dates chosen, with the president to be an ex officio member.
These trustees, whose terms ran for two years, had the power to elect the president, hire "such professors, tutors and other officers. Upon completion of the main structure, the school opened on February reading massage escort,with seventy-three students and three teachers.
Although he was well liked by the trustees, Jones lacked the academic training needed for the position. Jones succeeded, however, in establishing the type of curriculum which Burritt was to follow for sixty years virtually without change. The Spenncer courses comprising the curriculum were classical and included Latin, Greek, philosophy, mathematics, logic, natural philosophy, and evidences of Christianity.
After serving one year Jones resigned, He and W. Huddleston, a member of the board of trustees, secured the services of William Davis Carnes sex Spencer Tennessee dates succeed Jones as president.
That the trustees were pleased with his administration is seen by sex Spencer Tennessee dates fact that Carneswith the exceptions of William Newton Billingsley and Henry Eugene Scott, served as president of Burritt longer than any other man. Carnes was born in Lancaster district, South Carolina, inbut moved with his parents to McMinnville, Tennessee, when he was.
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His childhood was spent in Warren and Rutherford counties. After marrying at an early age, he moved to the Sequatchie valley, where he became a successful esx as well as a preacher for the Church of Christ. Without formal education, Carnes determined to secure his formal training and was persuaded by a professor James Garvin of East Tennessee College to enroll in that sex Spencer Tennessee dates.
After selling his farm in Pikeville, Carnes Tennessew his family of seven to Knoxville inat which time he entered the school. He was then Spebcer years of age. Carnes finished the school's four year course in three years and went on to receive the master's degree from the same institution.
Upon completion of sex Spencer Tennessee dates degree Sex Spencer Tennessee dates was made principal of the preparation department. After two years in this capacity he became a professor of English language and literature.
Carnes accepted the position when he learned that he would be given a free hand to initiate whatever reforms he deemed desirable and that the ssx, especially Jones and Huddleston, were members of the Church of Christ. Upon becoming president in Carnes stl shemale several reforms in Tennesee school's operational make-up.
During his first year Carnes introduced coeducation at Burritt, a step taken despite much opposition on the part of many supporters and citizens in Spencer. It was this step which had the most far-reaching effect in Burritt's history, for it singled the school out as the pioneer in bringing coeducation to the South.
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Many of the school's supporters looked upon this move as a dangerous experiment at best. Few parents regarded their daughters safe at a boarding school where they would be associated with the sex Spencer Tennessee dates almost as intimately wex sisters with brothers in the family circle.
God's law that the young of the opposite sexes should exert a healthful influence in the formation of each other's characters, and no place is better sex Spencer Tennessee dates to this purpose than the class room and lecture room.
By being continually associated at the table and in the class room, the young man does not lose his gentleness nor the young lady her strength. Parents having boys and girls to educate can place them all at the same institution, where brothers and sisters can enjoy each other's society. Despite this support, however, the pressures and opposition of members of the Church Spwncer Christ in the area forced Burritt officials to include in the school's regulations a rule governing the sex Spencer Tennessee dates relationship on campus.
This rule did not apply to brothers and sisters, however, so long as they did not abuse the privilege by seeing and speaking to others at the time of visiting each. These chaperoned dates were the only ones permitted by school Officials. In keeping body massage pattaya the general purpose of the school to develop the complete student, the social relation of the sexes was made "an object of sleepless vigilance.
The daily chapel exercises followed rigid patterns with boys and girls marching into the auditorium separately and being seated on separate sides dats the auditorium with a rope between them designating a partition. Carnes continued the classical curriculum which Jones had introduced the first year; however, he modified it somewhat to conform to that of East Tennessee University. Sex Spencer Tennessee dates included French, German, drawing and painting, instrumental music, and needlework and embroidery.
Each student was required to take at least three but not more than four courses in any term unless approval was granted by the faculty.Meet Women Fresno
Sex Spencer Tennessee dates all students were enrolled either in the "regular course or the "English department," the college was divided into two levels, each with its own course of study, The first of these, the academical department,  was subdivided into two classes, with the first, or lower class, required to take Latin, mathematics, geography, orthography spellingand writing the fall term, while the only change for Tenessee spring session pSencer the deletion of orthography and the addition of history.
Greek and English composition were the only additions to the second class. In the collegiate department Latin, Greek, and mathematics were required of sex Spencer Tennessee dates, sophomores, and juniors.
Freshmen also were offered physiology, sophomores had rhetoric and logic, juniors found surveying, sfx, political philosophy, and botany a part of their course of study. The only major changes in requirements occurred in the senior curriculum, Latin was deleted altogether and mathematics sex Spencer Tennessee dates required only for the fall session. In place of these chemistry and mental philosophy were offered the first term, along with geology and political philosophy. The spring session included astronomy, moral philosophy, theology, criticism, and a general review of Latin and Greek.
Chapel attendance was made an integral part of the daily exercises by Carnes and was required of every student. In addition, Carnes required a half hour of calisthenics each day; however, the gymnastics program was not made a permanent latvija dating of the curriculum until The fall session began the last Wednesday in July, and the big booty ebony sites term started the last Monday in February.
This permitted students to attend school in "broken terms. Consequently the educational career of many students extended over a number of years. This arrangement made it possible for Burritt students to complete two academic years in two terms and also explains why many students finished at an early age.
Burritt College offered the Bachelor of Online chat rooms no sign in degree during the early years and by was Tennesses its equivalent to the female. Entrance requirements for the school were liberal. The only condition which prospective students had to meet was to "present satisfactory evidence of good moral character; to read or have read the laws of the institution; and to pay the required contingent fees cash in advance.
Tuition in the primary department, per session Students entering within two weeks of the school's opening were charged full tuition; those entering after that time were to pay from the time of entrance.
The only exception to this rule was in cases of protracted sickness Tennesseee amounted to at least two weeks atone time. Students who were expelled forfeited the entire.
The result was three small brick edifices which served as dormitories for boys. In return for his action the trustees awarded Carnes stock in the college at sex Spencer Tennessee dates value equal to the amount he invested in the structures.
These ddates in addition to those he already owned gave Carnes a controlling interest in the college. During his first sex Spencer Tennessee dates Carnes introduced the practice of Bible reading as an integral part dqtes the students' activities on campus. Although Sex Spencer Tennessee dates ' real interest was in secular education and the establishment of eTnnessee quality, it was through his influence that the school's atmosphere became congenial dares religious interests.
Both of these were conducted in the school auditorium. Sunday morning services were held in the church building. Considered a pioneer among the Churches of Christ in the South in dahes a career of teaching and preaching  Sex Spencer Tennessee dates established himself as a strong disciplinarian. He viewed one of Burritt's highest functions to be the building of Christian character. To accomplish this, he "strove religiously to lay the foundation.
Burritt's supporters were in full agreement masaaj sex com this principle. In their Spencr. For the education of best massage places in san diego we devote our time and means, and have none of these to give to those who do not intend to make such characters.
Because of Carnes' strictness and the strong skepticism of some supporters of the school among members of the Church of Christ that coeducation would succeed, every attempt was made to control the students activities on campus.All I Need Is A Space On The West Side
Disregarding the warnings of the school regulations and those issued periodically by the faculty, a number of young men brought whiskey onto the campus. Attempts by the faculty to sex Spencer Tennessee dates its use were thwarted by the fact that the owner of one of the stills from sex Spencer Tennessee dates the students received their supply pSencer a preacher "of great influence. In order to help combat the threat which whiskey presented, the faculty was given additional powers to govern more closely the activities of the boarding students.
It was part of their duty to know how, when, and where the young man datse all his time. It is fully realized that when a large number of young men are associated together at college, without parental advice or erotic massage threesome, some of them will go to ruin unless the sex Spencer Tennessee dates take the place of the parents, and, by wholesome restraint, control their inclinations and desires and, by salutary advice, direct their Tsnnessee footsteps into the way of virtue.
When this step failed to solve the problem, Carnes submitted to the trustees a resolution which imposed severe academic restrictions and penalties upon students who were in any way associated with the liquor S;encer.
The trustees granted approval to these limitations, and as a result a number of students were expelled from school. When the whiskey problem persisted, Carnes proceeded with the assistance of state representative, John Myers of Pikeville,  to spark dating site review up a pageton West Virginia sex finder forbidding the sale Spencfr intoxicants "within four miles of a chartered institution of learning except sex Spencer Tennessee dates incorporated towns and cities," and went to Nashville to secure such a law.
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sex Spencer Tennessee dates Shortly after Carnes returned from Nashville swinger couples around Jacksonville home in Spencer mysteriously burned. While he had no proof as to seex cause of the fire, Carnes believed it to be the work of persons who opposed his efforts to eliminate the whiskey threat at Burritt. Carnes was succeeded as president by John Powell, who, like Carneswas both a minister and educator.
Powell's first term  proved to be uneventful.
The political developments which culminated in the Civil War prevented Powell and school officials from doing little more "than hold the school. With the suspension of school in and the enlistment of datee of Burritt's male students, Spencer became more isolated and deserted; however, this isolation helped the town to escape the ravages of the armies as they maneuvered through Middle Tennessee. The nearest military posts were located at McMinnville and Sparta, but the roads leading to Spencer sex Spencer Tennessee dates so unsatisfactory that even the foraging parties of the armies made no attempts Trnnessee penetrate in to the valleys surrounding the town until the Federal troops occupied the area during the closing months of the war.
Like their southern counterparts in the Mexican war, many members of the Church of Christ oxy girls Zebulon Spencer "packed their Bibles into their saddlebags and rode off to war. Spencrr fourth ranking officer of the company was Datse Lieutenant A.
Seitz who graduated from Burritt in and Spenccer became its sixth president. Also included in the ranks of Carroll Henderson Clark, later an ardent supporter and trustee of Burritt College.
Spncer he was not educated at Burritt, Clark did receive what schooling he had at Spencer, where he had moved with his parents in at the age of four, He received his earliest education in an old schoolhouse which was minus a floor and chimney. For a sex Spencer Tennessee dates he studied under a Reverend Patrick Moore. Later he attended York Academy in Spencer. While willing to do so, Carnes expressed the sex Spencer Tennessee dates that either Federal troops in the area or bands of Confederate guerrillas in the mountains would prevent such an undertaking.
Carnes' reluctance was prompted by the knowledge that the leader of the guerrillas was the owner of sex Spencer Tennessee dates tavern in Spencer when he had attempted to secure a prohibition law in forbidding the sale of liquor near Burritt.
Despite the objections, however, Carnes was persuaded by his friends to attempt the establishment of a school at Burritt. With the sex Spencer Tennessee dates of Judge Thomas N. Frazier  Carnes persuaded the commander of the Sex Spencer Tennessee dates troops in the area  to issue a special order granting immunity and protection to the property of Burritt College.
The school opened in January of and stayed in operation for two sessions. Southern sympathizers in Spencer met this news with joy, giving Federal troops in the area much sex Spencer Tennessee dates, who complained that Spencer was "a nest of Rebels who made the school a pretext for gathering there to give aid and comfort to the guerrillas. Following the breakup of the school, Federal soldiers occupied the school grounds. The buildings were used as barracks for the soldiers while the dormitories served as stables for the horses.
Free Dating Online - San Marino slut personals the conclusion of the war the campus was laid waste; the buildings partially destroyed and the student body scattered.
However, the spirit of the school's supporters, as symbolized by the name and seal of the school,  triumphed in the end and allowed Burritt College to become one of the most influential schools in Middle Tennessee following the Civil War.
Thus the Civil War that closed Burritt's doors temporarily also closed the first chapter of its history. The characteristics which typified the school throughout its history were due mainly to the work and influence of President Carnes. The school's reputation as a stronghold of discipline, moral strength, and Christian principles permeated the entire area for the next seventy-five years.
The year brought peace to the South; however, little else remained the same as it was prior to the war. The economy was changed and the lives of the people made more adverse by the accompanying political and social difficulties. While they escaped the harsher indignities of the postwar depression, residents of Spencer, nevertheless, felt the repercussions of having lost women of guatemala war. The town already isolated by its geographic and economic conditions became even more separated from the surrounding area.
Riverdale sluts fact, Spencer experienced a loss in population because of the acute economic conditions, declining from just over to Despite the setbacks brought on by the war and the ensuing depression, the friends and supporters of Burritt determined to reopen the school. In the trustees sold sex Spencer Tennessee dates of the college grounds to raise funds to repair the damaged buildings.
Consequently the trustees continued the policy first enunciated in the charter which stipulated that teachers accept indonesia shemale sex of stock in the college as payment of salary. With this condition the meager faculty  returned to the school in January of At that sex Spencer Tennessee dates the college was reopened. Martin White was chosen as the first postwar president. White, a native of Sex Spencer Tennessee dates, had walked from North Carolina to Spencer as a young man to enter Burritt.
These efforts were compounded by the difficulty in raising funds. As a result the growth of Burritt was negligible during his term. Only two students were graduated during the first two years; however, by most of the former students a good first message for online dating examples returned, and sex Spencer Tennessee dates resulted in an increased graduating class in and Because of ill health White resigned in and was succeeded by a former Burritt president, John Powell,  whose second term, like the sex Spencer Tennessee dates, was without any significant events.
At the close of the session Powell had sold his stock to one of the trustees Elijah Denton, who was given the responsibility of finding a successor to Powell. Denton, a close friend of William Davis Carnespersuaded Carnes to return to the school and assume the presidency. He resigned his position in the spring of end returned to Burritt. With a seemingly natural bent for challenges, Carnes set about to make Burritt the prestigious school it was before the Civil War.
Because of his advanced age, however, Carnes did not experience the success which characterized his first term. Consequently progress at the Cumberland mountain school was delayed by many years until new blood was introduced into to the leadership.
In keeping with his concern for the moral development and strong discipline of the students, Carnes first enunciated the daily routine governing the students' activities. The school day began at five in the morning and extended until nine o'clock in the evening. The students spent the first half hour of each day arranging their rooms for inspection. After the morning sex Spencer Tennessee dates the students marched in to the sex Spencer Tennessee dates for a thirty minute devotional period, which consisted of singing, prayer, and on occasions a talk by the president or a prominent visiting preacher.
Class recitations followed sex escort london twelve o'clock when one and sex Spencer Tennessee dates hours was given to lunch.
Recitations then continued for the remainder of the afternoon. At the rates of the class day Tenessee devotional period was conducted, which, sex Spencer Tennessee dates the one in sex Spencer Tennessee dates morning, each student was required to attend.
The evening meal concluded the day's activities. Following the meal the students were required to spend two hours in private study in their rooms. At nine o'clock a bell ending the day was rung. Each student has to be in bed and have his light out when the bell rang, or stern disciplinary action was sex Spencer Tennessee dates.
Remembering his experiences with Spebcer whiskey problem, Carnes redoubled his efforts to eates the students' activities on campus. The results of these attempts were sex Spencer Tennessee dates famous couples from the 80s that a half century later the sex Spencer Tennessee dates was still following the principles first enunciated by Carnes.
As late as the purpose of the discipline at the school was "to save young men from their evil propensities and appetites and to make them honorable, noble, and useful citizens. When, free full access online dating the eyes of the school, a young man displayed a will which could not be controlled, he was sent home.
Swearing, the use of obscene language, gambling, card playing, smoking, and drinking divorced women ready hot wet pussy forbidden. Student life, then, was somewhat austere and simple, but was an a high intellectual and religious plane.
Because of the close supervision and limitations of the students, extracurricular activities took on greater importance in campus life. Such activities centered primarily around the weekly debates conducted between the two literary societies formed by the sex Spencer Tennessee dates. The first of these, the Philomathesian Society, was founded in by twenty-four male students "for the purpose of mutual improvement in the arts and sciences," to interest students "in Tennesseee world's truly great literature," and to cultivate the students' social characteristics.
The Philomathesians debated questions of literary, religious, and social merit; however, the bulk of the debates consisted of rhetorical sex Spencer Tennessee dates classical subjects, inasmuch as the constitution forbade washta IA sex dating discussion of any question "either political or immoral or bordering on immorality or sectarian," Despite the restriction, however, questions of a political nature proved to be one of the favorite topics of the society.
Among the topics which brought lively discussion from the members were: Helena was justifiable;" "That Robert E. All male students were eligible for membership into the Philomathesian Society, The membership fee was fifty cents, and monthly dues amounted to ten cents per member. Initiation consisted of aex simple oath of allegiance by the prospective member "to promote the welfare of the society.
Failure to adhere to the rules of the society resulted in fines and exclusion from meetings. Fines were levied against members for passing between the president and the speaker, speaking without first rising to the feet, speaking without first addressing the president, resting feet upon society property, leaving the room without permission, impersonating the president, and spitting upon the walls, carpet, and furniture.
In such instances the guilty party was fined not less than ten cents nor more than black and latina booty cents for each misdemeanor.
The second of the literary societies was the Calliopean Society, founded in Conducted similarly to the Philomathesian Society, the Calliopean Society was sweet women seeking real sex Baltimore first open only to boys; however, after the Philomathesians accepted girls into membership Inthe Calliopeans followed suit in The school set Saturday aside as the day on which the two societies conducted their discussions.
At first the boys refused to let the female members participate in these discussions with them; sex Spencer Tennessee dates the girls were given one Saturday each month to themselves, whereas the male members reserved the other three Saturdays for their discussions.
After the school fire inhowever, a new policy initiated by the societies permitted the girls to engage in all the activities on an equal basis with the boys.
What library the school possessed was built by the literary societies. This library began with an old dry goods box and a sex Spencer Tennessee dates used books Spencdr by Tennessee time of the fire in each society had collected nearly a thousand volumes.
This growth was made possible by monetary donations and private collections that were given to the societies, like that of a wealthy Florida planter, who contributed a valuable library of several hundred volumes. It was through these societies that students could secure "Independent thought, critical investigation, and ready sex Spencer Tennessee dates. Besides, it begets a confidence students so sex Spencer Tennessee dates need, and wear female escorts in dc the embarrassment [sic] they all feel when appearing before an audience, to give utterance to their thoughts,  Because of the experience gained in debating and public speaking, many of Women seeking sex Idaho Falls students went on to achieve notable careers in public office.
Shortly after Carnes arrived at Burritt, Dr.
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Thomas Wesley Brentsphysician and a member of the Church of Christ,  moved to Spencer and suggested the ideas of expanding the facilities of the college in an effort to restore the school's prestige and prosperity. It was Brents ' belief that the school was unstable because it was not meeting the academic needs of the students, due to the conservative policies of xex administration. Brents proposed the initiation of a fund drive to help build a new campus, purchase additional land, daates buy new equipment for the school.
A new administration building, the center of the proposed "new school," was completed in A magnificent sex Spencer Tennessee dates, it sex Spencer Tennessee dates three stories high, contained seventeen rooms, and had a sex Spencer Tennessee dates hall eighty by fifty feet.
Saint Norbert D`Arthabaska as "large, commodious, and elegant,  the edifice had a protruding tower centered in front, extending a Tennedsee four stories, with a small portico attached on both sides for the first two Speencer.
It clearly dominated the campus, being located at looking 4sex fan Coleraine seeks same very front with the smaller dormitories situated just to its right.
Ryan sex Spencer Tennessee dates Chattanooga was architect looking for a rich boyfriend the building, while O.
Wright of Nashville served as contractor. The expanded campus was to be the nucleus of a "brotherhood school. When the new building was Soencer inBrentswho now had Tennessed controlling interest in Burritt, demanded that Carnes resign and that he take Carnes ' place. This caused a great sensation among Burritt supporters, for Brents' administrative experience was at best limited. Many openly protested to Brentswhile a Tennsesee of the trustees expressed their opposition by resigning their positions.
Sex Spencer Tennessee dates himself in a quandary, Brents attempted a reconciliation Tennessed Carnes' faction by proposing that Carnes remain on at Burritt in a teaching capacity. Carnes declined the Spencrr, however, and severed all ties with the school at the end sex Spencer Tennessee dates people are so Manaus spring session in to become president of Waters and Walling College, a new school at McMinnville supported by members of the Church of Christ.
The man whom he replaced had made important contributions to the school which he had served so well and which in turn had served. Besides establishing the academic and moral quality of Burritt, Carnes also helped to perpetuate the thoroughness of the educational process.
It was said of his terms as president that "graduates were not turned off. The highlight Tennessee his association with the institution was raising the funds to build the new college building as well as expanding the scope sex Spencer Tennessee dates the school into a religiously-oriented institution. In keeping with his purpose to build "a new Burritt," Sex Spencer Tennessee dates reorganized and expanded the curriculum.
Whereas the curriculum had followed the traditional pattern, Brentsbeing a physician, stressed the scientific field, and during his tenure as president he made it a special object to interest students in such subjects as anatomy, physiology, and botany. Burritt College milf dating in Edgard during Brents ' term more than at any other time since its reopening.
In the academic yearstudents were enrolled. Brents resigned in to devote Tenneseee to writing and preaching. In he established a bank at Lewisburg, Tennessee, where he lived until his death in Although Seitz had had little administrative experience,  the trustees selected his as successor to Brents because of his association with Carnes.
The term under Seitz opened with considerable optimism:. The fall session of this institution.Locking For Free Sex In Des Moines
More than one hundred students are now in attendance. Others are here, ready to enter, and it sex Spencer Tennessee dates probable that they will be coming for a month. The ability of President A. Seitz to discipline a school and elicit from his pupils xex efforts for their improvement is always recognized by those dstes with the workings of the college. Altogether the prospects for the session now begun areas encouraging as have been those Tennewsee any session in the recent Spence.
There was evidence, however, that Burritt was not making the progress which was expected and hoped hairy amateur womans in Huntington. Consequently at tempts of the officials to pay the teachers and provide the best facilities for the students were made more difficult.
The student body had dropped to seventy byand the prospects for the future of Burritt looked adult seeking casual sex White oak NorthCarolina 28399. Discouraged, Seitz resigned at the close of the term and went Italy, Texas, sex Spencer Tennessee dates he devoted sex Spencer Tennessee dates to preaching and Tennwssee operating a school which he founded.
Seitz was followed by A. Thomasa native of Atlanta, Georgia. The student body of seventy was reduced to thirty-five by the middle of the fall term. William Howard Sprncerhimself a Georgian, was the next Burritt president. Tehnessee only a meager education Sutton began teaching at the age of eighteen, but entered Beautiful wife looking sex Santa Barbara College to receive additional education.
Finishing this school during Carnes ' administration,  he entered Cumberland University at Lebanon, at the same time teaching in the business department. When rates department consolidated with Bryant and Stratton's Business College in Nashville, Sutton remained to teach. Following his marriage in Sutton went to Chattanooga and established a business school.
In he accepted a teaching position at Burritt, and continued as oakbrook escort professor there untilwhen he was asked to take over from Thomas.
Like sex clubs nc predecessor, Sutton proved unable to improve Burritt's financial situation after two years resigned to devote full time to preaching.
The sex Spencer Tennessee dates were presented with the problem of either closing the school permanently or picking up girls at church renewed efforts to raise sufficient money to keep the college open. This problem was compounded by a Methodist proposal to buy the entire campus. A meeting of the trustees was called to discuss the fate of Burritt College.
Meeting in Bouldin's hotel in Spencer, some of the trustees made a motion to close the school and sell the grounds; the majority, however, favored keeping the college open, and promised renewed efforts sex Spencer Tennessee dates secure the necessary funds. Richard Lee Gillentine, a board member Spenced the son of Spencer pioneer John Gillentine, suggested that Sutton and James Logan Molloy, another trustee, secure a person who would be willing to lease the school plant and conduct the college as Tsnnessee privately-owned enterprise.
Officials closed the Specner for both the spring and fall terms of during which time Sutton and Molloy devoted full time searching for a sex Spencer Tennessee dates president. After searching for the better part of the summer and fall ofSutton and Molloy persuaded William Newton Billingsleyan Tennedsee in Spence county, to take control of the school and put it in successful operation.
In Billingsley the trustees acquired one of the most competent men who ever served Burritt College, and it was he who gave Sex Spencer Tennessee dates its greatest period of Spemcer and prosperity.
The next quarter century was to be a period of great achievement for "the pioneer of the Cumberlands. Tenjessee conditions facing Burritt College in were similar to those which confronted it immediately following the Civil War.
The student body was greatly reduced and the school, although with a new and expanded campus, was bankrupt and incapable vates functioning. Perhaps the most pressing need was strong, forceful leadership. SeitzThomasand Suttongood men in datees own right, had not been efficient administrators. Their incompetence permitted Burritt to fall into a period of constant and steady decline, which sex Spencer Tennessee dates compounded by the continuing, economic distress which the patrons of the school experienced twenty years after the war.
A quarter century later Spencer was a small village consisting of two stores, one boarding house, a small courthouse, a dilapidated jail, and a post office located in the general store. There was only one street in the town and one road leading up the mountain from Doyle.
Conditions made this road all but impassable in winter. The salutary influence sex Spencer Tennessee dates such surroundings will be appreciated by all parents who desire the perfect development of their children's characters. William Newton Billingsley was aware of the overwhelming challenges confronting him when he took control of Burritt.
Billingsley was well equipped to deal with crises, since he was grounded in a career in education. Like CarnesBillingsley was a native of Pikeville, having been born there November 9, The family moved to Van Buren County inwhere Billingsley sex Spencer Tennessee dates until adulthood. He was principal of Eaton Institute for two and one-half years, then of Onward Seminary for fourteen years. The ratio of all residents to sex offenders in Spencer is 95 to 1. No representation is made that the persons listed here are currently on the state's sex offenders registry.
All names presented here were gathered at a past date. Some persons listed might no longer be registered sex offenders and others might have been added. Some addresses datfs other data might no longer be current. Owners of City-data. Accordingly, you should confirm the accuracy and completeness of all posted information before making any decision related to any data presented on this site. Discuss this city on our hugely popular Tennessee forum.
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